1.Jenniffer Molina
2.Marbury V. Madison
3. 1803 by the U.S. Supreme Court.
4. William Marbury had been commissioned justice of the peace in the District of Columbia by President John Adams in the “midnight appointments” at the very end of his administration. When the new administration did not deliver the commission, Marbury sued James Madison, Jefferson's Secretary of State. (At that time the Secretary of State was charged with certain domestic duties as well as with conducting foreign affairs.) Chief Justice John Marshall held that, although Marbury was entitled to the commission, the statute that was the basis of the particular remedy sought was unconstitutional because it gave the Supreme Court authority that was implicitly denied it by Article 3 of the U.S. Constitution. The decision was the first by the Supreme Court to declare unconstitutional and void an act passed by Congress that the Court considered in violation of the Constitution. The decision established the doctrine of judicial review, which recognizes the authority of courts to declare statutes unconstitutional.

Maggie is doing JEFF GROH Petitioner VS. JOSEPH R. RAMIREZ, ET AL

1: Abbey Thomas
2: Gibbons vs. Ogden; 1824
3: There was a steamboat that was being built at the time by New York and New Jersey. They licesensd the New Jersey operator Aaron Ogden a formar U.S senator and Govener of New Jersey to operate the ferry between Nyc and Elizabeth Point in New Jersey. Thomas Gibbons was operating a competing ferry service which had been licensed by Congress in regulating the coasting trade. Ogden obtained an injunction from a New York court against Gibbons to keep him out of New York waters when congress already gave him the license.
4: The decision was that Congress could constitutionally regulate many activities that affected interstate commerce.
5: It meant that Congress could overpower things that other people couldnt. the impact on this decision was that whole range of the nation’s economic life was changed.

1.Drew Stirnweis.
2.Gideon v.s. Wainwright. 1963.
3.When Gideon was arrested he asked the court for a layer becaus he could not afford one and they told him you only got a layer for muder,rape,etc.
4.The court decided that Gideon right to a fair trile was voilated and that regaurd the type of crime if the defent can't afford a layer the court must provid a layer.
5.The desion ment nomater what the crime the court must provid a layer. The desion made shure every person had a layer if needed.